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Mexico es otro Mundo // Mexico is another World ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ

mexico panorama sunset

Curated Guide to Mexicoโ€™s history, culture and cuisine

Mexico has a rich history of cultural transformations, breathtaking landscapes, unique music, dance traditions and food. Mexico, one of the richest countries in term of biological diversity, spreads across 1.92 million square km harbouring a wealth of ecosystems and species. A variety of unequaled ecosystems such as rainforest, volcanoes, reefs, caves, mountains, deserts can be found scattered across the country. The country is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, the Sea of Cortes and the Gulf of Mexico, and is covered by different mountain ranges, all full of flora and fauna. There are nearly 30,000 species of flowering plants, including 1,000 species of orchids, more than 1,000 species of birds, including 50 species of humming birds alone. There are more than 1,500 species of reptiles, mammals, and amphibians such as sea turtles, dolphins and whales.

Oaxaca (pronounced: Wahaca)

oaxaca city mexico

The photogenic relic of Mexicoโ€™s colonial past with its history, gastronomy and manifestations of indigenous culture could be all found in Oaxaca City. Here, the ancient Zapotec culture meets Spanish colonial traditions. Thus, making Oaxaca city an architectural gem with fantastic museums (Museo de las Culturas de Oaxaca), endless festivals, colorful handicrafts, diverse gastronomy, pre-Columbian ruins and gold encrusted baroque churches (Santo Domingo). The UNESCO World Heritage City and culinary capital of Mexico is one of the safest cities in Mexico.

Oaxaca State has 16 different ethno-linguistic groups all with diverse traditions and cultures. The traditional festivals bring all these groups together sharing Pre-Hispanic and Catholic celebrations. These celebrations always include flowers, folklore music and dance, and Mezcal- The Day of the Dead, Guelaguetza, Good Samaritan Day to name a few. Oaxaca is famous for its rich and healthy cuisine also known as the land of the 7 moles.

Oaxaca Traditions and customs govern the state of Oaxaca, whose names derives from โ€œHuaxyacacโ€ referring to a tree. This area contains 18 indigenous groups, all who retain their language and traditions, with the Zapotecs and Mixtecs being the most populous. Santo Domingo Cultural Centre encapsulates these cultures religions, customs, gastronomy, crafts and languages under one roof. Monte Alban founded in 500BC, an UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the first great city of Mesoamerica. It contains truncated pyramids, great plazas, ball game courts (tlachtli), about 170 tombs and underground passageways. It contains a mixture of various architectural construction techniques leaving footprints of the pre-Columbian cultures.

The land of seven moles is divided into 8 regions harvesting the most biodiversity in Mexico, a country with magnificent and unique flora and fauna.

mexico woman dancing

Oaxacaโ€™s gastronomy and handcrafts carry their fame across the country. Mezcal is Oaxacan maguey based alcoholic beverage. The heart (piรฑa) of the maguey is cooked in a pit oven providing a strong, smoky flavour. The piรฑas are crushed and left to ferment mixed with fruits and herbs. Oaxaca City has two main plazas connected by a pedestrian walkway. The streets are filled with colonial buildings painted in butter, ochre and pistachio tones.

The markets are filled with crowds, noise, horns and vendors. One can find local food, refreshing beverages, traditional clothes and many more goods at affordable prices. The one of a kind place with joyful and welcoming atmosphere can be found here in Mexico, Oaxaca

The Land of Seven Moles

1. Negro - the most common type of mole with a savoury-sweet taste. The intricate recipe requires grinding and stewing the following ingredients together: garlic, cloves, black pepper and cumin, onion, dried chilies, pumpkin and sesame seeds, local herbs, bread, dried fruit and plenty of dark chocolate.
2. Rojo - similar to the mole negro with a sweeter, spicier and more versatile touch. The main difference comes from the diversity of dried red chilies used, such as pasilla, guajillo and ancho. When done, chicken, pork or beef is added and stewed until tender. The dish is served with plenty of Oaxaca soft cheese on top of the mole rojo with fresh tortillas.
3. Coloradito - This hybrid between rojo and negro, translates to โ€œa shade of red, or โ€œon the naughty sideโ€. Its base ingredients include whole spices, garlic, seeds, onions, chocolate and mashed ripe plantain.
4. Amarillo - A spicy combination of all 3 moles above without the chocolate.
5. Verde - Green Go! Loads of pumpkin seeds, fresh tomatoes, jalapeรฑos and cilantro are the key components.
6. Chichilo - An intense experience. Homemade beef stock, dried chiles de arbol, anchos, guajilios, garlic, onions, corn flour. Excellent for braises.

Food in Mexico and what to eat

melnik wine mexico

Barbacoa - slow-roasted goat or lamb wrapped in maguey leaves. The juicy, flavourful tender meat is chopped or shredded, served with onions, cilantro, and lime in a corn tortilla.
Champurrado - the combination of oaxacan chocolate, vanilla, anise and cinnamon blended with a malinillo ( a wooden whisk) is delicious. The Mexican version of hot chocolate is best served with churros.
Chapulines - roasted grasshoppers are crunchy, protein-packed snacks sold at every local market. They are roasted on a clay surface with lime juice, chillies, garlic and salt.
Tasajo - Smoky sun-dried thin meat seen at every local market.
Tacos - a classic. Corn or wheat tortilla rolled with any type of fillings including beef, pork, chicken, seafood, cheese or vegetables garnished with guacamole, salsa, tomatoes, onions, coriander and chillies
Chorizo - a special type of red spicy pork sausage
Mezcal - a fermented roasted maguey distilled spirit with a slight smokey flavour. This drink is typically consumed straight, however its unique flavour has influenced the creation of many cocktail variations.
Oaxacan String Cheese - the Mexican mozzarella twist is creamy, mild, slightly salty and rolled into balls. It should not be missed.
Tamales - Oaxacan tradition wrapped in banana leafs. From the different varieties of mole to shredded pork, chicken or beef, there are endless combinations of fillings packaged and steamed. Tlayuda - a thin crispy tortilla topped with pureed beans, tasajo, cabbage, salsa, and loads of quesillo (Oaxacan cheese)
Tejate - a refreshing drink made from fermented cacao beans, ground mamey pits, maize flower, and flor de cacao (indigenous Oaxacan plant). An optimal way to start your day.

Road trip onwards

culture tours mexico parade

Exploring Oaxaca is an adventure. Surrounded by mountains, valleys and ocean Oaxacaโ€™s flora and fauna is diverse and breathtaking. Located South of Oaxaca city on the shores of the Pacific Ocean lays a town called Zipolite. Its marvellous nature, landscapes, sea life, golden and black sands, nude beaches, beautiful women, friendly people, delicious food and tranquillo culture make Zipolite a one of a kind paradise. The fascinating ecosystems along its beaches offer scuba diving, kayaking, fishing, snorkelling, surfing, and whale- watching activities.

Culture Tours organizes individualized journeys experiencing a countryโ€™s culture, history & people, discovering the unexplored & unknown, feasting on tradition cuisine and beverages, learning about art and traditions, taking on breathtaking adventures & landscapes in small tour groups

Culture Tours

mexico culture tours

We provide a travel experience that would be difficult to get on your own; knowledge and persistence that only comes with dedication, decades of immersion, discovery and passion for Oaxaca's region, culture and people.

Culture Tours are lead by passaionate locals who are more cultural ambassadors than guides. They are specialists and aficionados, artists, passionate individuals in love with what they do, and long term students of Oaxaca's culture, traditions, places and people. Seen by Martin Grozev at Friday 9:31pm

Book your adventure in Mexico today!

Exploring Oaxaca is an adventure. Surrounded by mountains, valleys and ocean Oaxacaโ€™s flora and fauna is diverse and breathtaking. Located South of Oaxaca city on the shores of the Pacific Ocean lays a town called Zipolite. Its marvellous nature, landscapes, sea life, golden and black sands, nude beaches, beautiful women, friendly people, delicious food and tranquillo culture make Zipolite a one of a kind paradise. The fascinating ecosystems along its beaches offer scuba diving, kayaking, fishing, snorkelling, surfing, and whale- watching activities.

Culture Tours organizes individualized journeys experiencing a countryโ€™s culture, history & people, discovering the unexplored & unknown, feasting on tradition cuisine and beverages, learning about art and traditions, taking on breathtaking adventures & landscapes in small tour groups

Kultur Reisen

Book your adventure in Mexico today!
Our travel experience deliver something that would be very hard to get on your own; access and knowledge that only comes with decades of immersion, exploration and passion for the region and its people. Our trips are lead by unique individuals who are more cultural ambassadors than guides. They are specialists and aficionados, artists, and long term students of the cultures of Oaxaca, experienced, involved, and totally in love with what they do!